In an “age of governance (usually understood as the multi-actor and multi-level configuration of policy actors), it is hard to see who exactly is to blame for negative results and how to locate a responsible actor” (Offe, 2011:457). A correct disposition of political power requires coordinated capacity of national state to make all constitutional bodies, public institutions, private sectors and civil society orient to collective goals of governance—national security, rule of law, voice of citizens, civic participation, social welfare benefits and peaceful resolution of multi-level conflicts. The implementation of these measures requires coherence in constitutional bodies at horizontal level and line agencies, DDCs, municipalities, VDCs and wards at the vertical level. The ideological crisis in Nepal has narrowed the political landscape of leadership and enabled them to cooperate on common grounds on ethical and realistic public policies. It has also allowed feedback loops where people and leaders can engage in dialogues to address interrelated ecological, social, economic and political problems. In this context, strengthening of democratic processes and institutions, rule of law and government’s accountability in effective service delivery can improve the conditions of human rights of Nepali citizens. The democratic framework for people’s participation can make the governance accountable for its action, inaction in its duties and even outright failure. It can also make its functions transparent, broaden partnership and exchange experiences and ideas.
Nepal has adopted three measures so far: stakeholders’ participation in development policy making, public engagement and participation in constitutional dialogue and inclusion of the right to information in the constitution. Intermediary institutions have a role here to play in policy mediation. Citizens’ right to information embedded in the Interim Constitution is instrumental for controlling corruption and ensuring transparency of decision making about public affairs. The six pillars of second Three-Year Interim Plan of National Planning Commission are: a) Achieve pro-poor and employment-generating, sustainable, and broad-based economic growth with the concerted effort of all sectors-the state, cooperatives, private sectors and civil society; b) Infrastructural development with due consideration to federal structure of the country and provincial economic growth; c) Social inclusion and social justice-oriented development for sustainable peace; d) Socio-economic transformation of the country by strengthening financial and social services so that fair pay, decent work, social and physical security and social mobility of workers and peasant can be guaranteed; e) Result oriented development works to support good governance and effective service delivery; and f) Strengthen economic growth and its sustainability by streamlining development of private and civil society sectors, industrialization, business, and other service areas in the national development. (more…)