Nepal

National Consultation: Nepal


The forum, ‘Making Parliament Accountable and Human Rights Responsive’, held in Kathmandu in December 2011 was attended by current and former politicians, civil society leaders and members of the media. Guests include the Honorable Subhash Chandra Nembang as Chief Guest, the former Home Minister Honorable Bhim Rawal, the former Foreign Minister Honorable Upendra Yadav, Mr. Padma Ratna Tuladhar and Mr. Yubraj Ghimire.

The aim of the National Consultation was to share the findings of the Parliament Watch being conducted by a partner organization for SAHR, and to invoke a discussion among parliamentarians, civil society leaders, media and academicians alike about the necessity and importance of making Parliament accountable and responsive to human rights.

The program was divided into three sessions in which the Parliamentarian’s Role, Civil Society and the Citizen’s Role and the Media’s Role in making a transparent and accountable Parliament was voiced.

Parliament Watch Nepal: December 2011 Report


The Tenth session of the Legislature-Parliament continued, and as many as 05 meetings were convened, during the month of December. The major highlight of the month is as follows:

The first meeting in December, which was convened on the 6th at 13:15 hours in the parliament, witnessed obstruction by the main opposition over the issue of brutal assault by the prison inmates to the members of its sister organization, including the District President, Tarun Dal, hiva Paudel. One of the influential young leaders of Nepali Congress (NC) Party, Gagan Thapa, condemned the attack as sheer violation of rule of law and proclaimed that no session would be allowed unless the government assures the actual investigation of the case so as to bring the guilty to book. Responding to the concern expressed by the opposition, Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister Honourable Bijaya Kumar Gachhadar informed the parliament that a team of doctors, including a renowned neurosurgeon Dr. Upendra Devkota, has been sent to Chitwan for attending the injured as they could not be lifted to the centre due to some technical difficulties. The Deputy Prime Minister also notified that an inquiry committee of four members, headed by the Joint Secretary of Home Ministry, Shankar Koirala, has already been formed to look into the matter, and identify the culprits and bring them to justice. The meeting resumed following the commitment expressed by the Deputy Prime Minister.

For more of the report, click here

Parliament Watch Nepal: October 2011 Report


The Tenth Session of the Legislature-Parliament continued, and as many as 06 meetings were convened, during the month of October. The major highlight of the month is as follows:

The budget session of the Legislature-Parliament, adjourned previous month and resumed on 13 October, witnessed profound disparagement of the opposition over the issue of government’s ‘inaction’ to oust two ‘tainted’ ministers from the cabinet.

For more of the report, click here

Parliament Watch Nepal: September 2011 Report


The Legislature-Parliament witnessed as many as 08 meetings convened in the reporting period. The Tenth Session continued and fifty-sixth to sixty-third meetings were held during the month of September. The major highlight of the month is as follows:

In one of the meetings of the Legislature-Parliament, Hon’ble Prakash Man Singh of Nepali Congress party expressed serious concern over two pertinent issues which had created a great turmoil in contemporary Nepali politics. The first related to the statement of the Attorney General who made it public that the Bhattarai government had a plan to withdraw all cases filed against UCPN (Maoist) leaders and cadres during insurgency period. And the second was all about the “Good-governance and Relief Package” introduced by the Government of Nepal (GoN).

For more of the report, click here

Parliament Watch Nepal: August 2011 Report


Commenced in early May, the Tenth session of the Legislature-Parliament continued, and 13 meetings altogether were convened, during the month of August. The major highlights of those meetings are as follows:

The forty-third to forty-fifth meetings, held on different dates during August, witnessed obstruction by the opposition party, Nepali Congress, over the issue of non-implementation, and particularly the resignation of the Prime Minister which was one of the prime agendas of the 5-point deal that was agreed and signed for extending the term of the Constituent Assembly in May 2011. The forty-sixth meeting, however, witnessed no objection from the opposition as the Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister, Mr. Bhart Mohan Adhikari, delivered a speech of public importance on behalf of the Prime Minister that was later endorsed by Hon’ble Ram Chandra Poudel terming it to be a satisfactory statement. The periodic report of the Agreement Execution Monitoring Special Committee, 2011 was submitted at the meeting by the Deputy Speaker, Hon’ble Purna Kumari Subedi, who was also the ex-officio vice-chairperson of the said committee. Similarly, the meeting unanimously passed the Charter of the Asian Institute of Technology.

For more of the report, click here

Parliament Watch Nepal: November 2011 Report


The Legislature-Parliament handled the ongoing business of the Tenth Session in November, 2011. 09 meetings altogether were convened during the month of November. The major highlight of the month is as follows:

The deliberations of the seventy-third meeting of the Legislature-Parliament is worth mentioning because this meeting primarily discussed one of the pertinent issues of the rule of law weakening this time due to the act of Prime Minister himself who actually afforded the political protection to a convicted Constituent Assembly (CA) member, Mr. Bala Krishna Dhungel. Mr. Dhungel was declared guilty in a murder case last year by the Supreme Court of Nepal.

For more of the report click here

Parliament Watch, Nepal – July 2011 Report


The Tenth session of the Legislature-Parliament, which began early May, and continued during the month of June and July, is still in session. Altogether 17 meetings were convened in July. The major highlights of those meetings are as follows:

The twenty-sixth and twenty-seventh meeting of the Tenth session of Legislature- Parliament commenced on 3 July 2011, at 16:10 hours, presided by the Speaker, Rt. Hon’ble Subas Chandra Nembang. The meeting began with the Rt. Hon’ble Prime Minister, Mr. Jhala Nath Khanal, submitting the Policies and Programs of the Government of Nepal 2068/69 B.S., to the Rt. Hon’ble President, Dr. Ram Baran Yadav who was to present the Policies and the Programs in the very sitting of the Parliament. The government’s policies and programs presented to the Parliament had something for everyone, but lacked priority and focus. From climate change to cultural heritage preservation, the policies envisioned to create a socialist economy in the long run. The Policy is aimed at national unity, integrity and  sovereignty, ending all types of discrimination. Completing the task of drafting the constitution, maintaining constitutional supremacy, the rule of law and good governance, protecting and promoting human rights, and implementing past agreements between different political parties is the key, according to the Policy Paper. Having read out the document provided by the Prime Minister, President, Dr. Yadav, also said that the country was at a critical juncture in history. He requested the Assembly to lead the people towards prosperity by institutionalizing peace and constitution and providing stability.

To download the full report click here

Parliament Watch, Nepal – June 2011


The Tenth session of the Legislature-Parliament, which began early May, continued during the whole month of June and is still in session. After the deadline of the Constituent Assembly (CA) was extended in May 28, the first meeting commenced on 03 June 2011. Altogether 12 meetings were convened during the month of June. The major highlights of those meetings are as follows:

The fourteenth meeting of the Tenth session of Legislature-Parliament commenced on 3 June 2011, at 16:10 hours, presided by the Speaker, Rt. Hon’ble Subas Chandra Nembang. At the commencement of the meeting, Hon’ble members delivered speeches on contemporary issues followed by an address of the Opposition Leader, Hon’ble Ram Chandra Poudel, who emphasized on strictly abiding by the 5-point deal, both in letter and spirit, so as to complete the peace process. Then the Speaker read out the letter received from the President’s Office notifying the certification of two Acts: namely the Prevention of Money Laundering (First Amendment) Act, 2068 B.S. and Ethnic Disparity and Untouchability (Crime and Punishment) Act, 2068 B.S.

To download the full report click here

Parliament Watch, Nepal – May 2011 Report


The month of May began with the new session of the Legislature-Parliament. The Tenth session commenced on Monday, 2 May 2011, and is still in session. As many as 13 meetings were convened;1 the major highlights of these 13 meetings of the Tenth session are the following:

The first meeting of the Tenth session of the Legislature-Parliament commenced on 2 May 2011, at 16:20 hours, presided by the Speaker, Rt. Hon’ble Subas Chandra Nembang. As soon as the meeting started, members of different political parties, namely: Hon’ble Rukmini Chaudhary of the Federal Democratic National Front, Hon’ble Bishwendra Paswan of the Dalit Janajati Party, Hon’ble Buddha Ratna Manandhar of the Nepal National Party, and an Independent Member Hon’ble Sadrul Miya Haque requested time to speak but the Speaker denied their request and notified that the formal proceedings will start only after reading out the letter received from the President’s Office that summoned the Tenth session of the parliament. These members, however, started chanting slogans, defying the ruling of the Speaker. Nevertheless, the Speaker did manage to read out the letter and welcomed the members of all political parties attending the first meeting of the Tenth session. Then the meeting was adjourned till 15:00 hours, Sunday, the 8 May 2011.

To download the report click here

Parliament Watch, Nepal – April 2011 Report


The 12-point agreement concluded between the Seven Party Alliance (SPA) and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) [UCPN (M)] on 22 November 2005 forms the basis of the ongoing peace process in Nepal. It was the 12-point agreement that led to the people’s uprising of 2006, and this popular movement compelled the King to abdicate. After the UCPN (M) formally joined the peace process in 2006, the election to the Constituent Assembly (CA) emerged as one of the prime agenda of the peace process. Despite two postponements, Nepal managed to hold the election of the CA on 10 April 2008. The CA transformed Nepal from a monarchy to a parliamentary republic. The ‘Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal’ regained its parliamentary status as soon as the CA started to function as Legislature-Parliament.

Under the formulation of the Constitution, the CA shall also act as Legislature-Parliament as long as the CA remains in existence. Furthermore, a separate committee shall also be constituted to conduct necessary regular legislative functions. The Chairperson and Vice Chairperson of the CA shall be the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislature-Parliament, and the Secretariat of the CA and its personnel shall be the Secretariat and personnel of the Legislature-Parliament. Similarly, when the CA acts in the capacity of the Legislature-Parliament, the provisions contained in Part 8, with necessary modifications, shall be applicable to the Assembly.

To download the full report click here

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